Symptoms and treatment of gallstones

Gallbladder stone is more common in women than men and it is a very painful disease. About 1 liter of bile is released from the liver daily and performs various functions, particularly the absorption of some vitamins from the intestine with fats. When bile flows from the liver to the intestine, which is the continuation of the stomach, the gallbladder on its way accumulates here, absorbing its water and increasing its density. After eating some foods, especially fatty foods, the gallbladder contractes and sends the concentrated bile into the duodenum. It maintains its flowability thanks to the mixture of various amounts of various substances in its composition under normal conditions. However, any increase or decrease in these components contained in the saffron leads to deterioration of the flowability of the saffron and to a “sediment-releasing” state.

Both these deposits and bile deposits, which are known to be fed only by intravenous or prolonged starvation for long periods, also play a role in the formation of gallstones.

Symptoms of gallstones

After the formation of gallstones, the number and size of the stones increase, but usually do not cause any complaints. Gallbladder stones, the majority of which are silent, are detected by chance during some examinations or in some surgeries except for emergencies. However, the stones in the gallbladder and moving under the influence of gravity start to show signs when they obstruct the exit of the gallbladder and prevent the normal discharge. If the stone falls into the main bile duct during the course of gallstone disease, a more problematic process is entered. In this process called jaundice jaundice, abdominal pain, jaundice, red or brown urine color, nausea, vomiting and sometimes fever can be seen. If the infection is added to this picture, it causes serious problems that can be life threatening. It’s called cholangitis. Apart from cholangitis, a gallstone falling into the common bile duct can also cause acute pancreatitis, an inflammatory disease of the pancreas. This disease can seriously endanger life.

Do gallbladder stones cause other diseases?

Stones of the gallbladder; inflammation of the gallbladder, jaundice that develops due to falling stones in the bile duct, inflammation of all bile ducts and pancreas can cause many serious diseases such as. The complaints in the patients are usually pain in the upper-right abdomen, spreading to the right and feeling on the right side of the back, nausea and sometimes vomiting attacks.

If there is inflammation, fever is added to the table. These painful attacks usually start after a heavy fat meal and last around 1-5 hours.

Another complication of gallbladder stones is that the disease caused by a large stone in the gallbladder penetrates the sac wall in a long time and passes into the intestine and causes mechanical obstruction in a narrow part of the small intestine. Gallstones, which are growing and increasing in number during their natural course, constantly irritate the inner wall of the gallbladder, increasing the risk of a chronic inflammation in the form of cancer. This risk is especially high in stone cases exceeding 2–3 cm.

Gallbladder stone risk factors

Gallbladder stones are more common in women than in men. In addition, age, excess weight and many births are among the risk factors.

How is gallbladder diagnosed?

Diagnosis of the disease; blood, urine, stool examinations and ultrasonography (US). With these examinations, close to 100 percent definite diagnosis can be achieved. Other imaging methods such as computed tomography and MRI are rarely used. In addition, endoscopic interventions, which we call ERCP, are used in both diagnosis and treatment, except for ultrasound for the stones in the bile duct.

Gallbladder stone treatment

Various methods are used in the treatment of the disease and its complications. Laparoscopic surgery is the most commonly used method. Less than 5 percent of gallbladder operations are performed with open surgery. The most important reason for open surgery is the previous episodes in the abdomen or adhesions due to surgeries. ERCP and PTK are other treatment methods used when necessary.

Some of the complaints caused by gallbladder stones can be improved following a short-term treatment. However, sometimes the clinical course becomes more severe and may require emergency surgery. Especially in patients with diabetes and similar problems because of the severe course of an immediate surgical intervention inevitably still can come. In addition, the attacks can be decided in cases of repeated recurrence. Because each attack causes permanent damage to the gallbladder and surrounding tissues at varying levels.

Geçerli Kategori Health Corner