What Is Anal Fissure?

In its simplest definition, anal fissure is a fracture in the breech area caused by various causes. Ruptures in this region may occur due to difficulty in defecation and constant straining, as well as frequent defecation and frequent cleaning of the breech in diarrhea. The cracks in the area can be quite simple, but can cause severe pain due to the delicate structure of the area. This pain is felt as a sharp object, like a piece of glass, penetrates the breech area during defecation. There may also be bleeding in varying amounts depending on the size of the crack. People who develop anal fissures in the breech region due to constipation feel the need to keep the breech muscles constantly muscular in order to reduce the pain caused by rupture. Patients also avoid going to the toilet because pain occurs in each defecation. These conditions increase the severity of constipation and prevent the healing of the disease. In some patients, the breech fracture may have spread over a larger area within the anal canal. In this case, the disease is more difficult to cure, and the measures to be taken for constipation and diarrhea will have a greater share in the treatment. For all these reasons, people who have anal fissure problems should apply to a health institution and undergo the necessary examinations and treatment.

How is anal fissure treatment?

The first step in the treatment of breech fractures is the elimination of the problem of constipation. The best method for this is to create a healthy and balanced diet plan. Whole grain breads, bulgur, legumes, fruits and vegetables and oil seeds are the best and healthiest sources of dietary fibers. The regular placement of these nutrients in the diet plan is very effective in increasing the stool volume and bringing the consistency to the required shape. In addition, 2-2.5 liters of water should be used daily. Fecal softening medication may be recommended in patients who have constipation problems due to spastic colon, bowel laziness or those who experience anal fissure after birth. In addition, applications such as sitting baths with hot water, use of topical creams and ointments, and the use of pain medications in people suffering from severe pain are also effective on improving breech fractures and reducing complications due to fractures.

Untreated breech fractures may progress and become chronic. In this case, surgical operations will usually become the only solution. If you are experiencing breech fractures, you should go to a health institution immediately and see a doctor. You can plan your treatment process in accordance with the recommendations of your doctor by having the necessary examination and diagnostic tests related to your disease in the early period.

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